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Brain Injuries: Statistics & How They Occur

Often enough, being an unfortunate victim of a traumatic brain injury can result in a large amount of damage to an individual’s life. In a lot of past cases having a traumatic brain injury could cause long term or permanent, physical, emotional and mental troubles that people do not understand such as; the victims employers, family members and friends which result in leaving the victim under a lot of stress. Also brain injuries can result in long term medical, financial and emotional damage to the victim’s family who may even become their sole caregiver. If you or a loved one has been a victim of brain injury because of someone else’s negligence you should contact your Hamilton personal injury lawyer immediately.

Brain Injury Victims

Not only do brain injury victims suffer from pain and suffering, but they all suffer from lost wages as well as a lot of important expenses. In the past many survivors of traumatic brain injury are younger adults that could never return to their work. Although brain injuries could often be mild, a victim that had severe brain injury can experience psychological effects like long term depression, prolonged anxiety, lost of social interaction, slow or no improvement and need daily assistance.

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Brain injuries can be anywhere from mild, moderate or severe. Mild brain injuries can result in loss of consciousness and a small change in mental state. A moderate brain injury can involve impact to the head or violent shaking. The victim could lose consciousness for minutes or even hours and could even remain confused for days or weeks. Now severe brain injuries can result from a penetrating blow to the head and result in permanent brain damage or even sometimes death.

Traumatic and acquired are two categories brain injuries fall under. A traumatic brain injury may occur from an external force where an acquired brain injury could result from an internal source such as a stroke or an external one. Traumatic brain injuries can include anything from concussions, contusions and penetration. Anoxic or hypoxic are categorized as an acquired brain injury.

How They Occur

Nearly 50% of fatal brain injuries are a form of some drug or alcohol abuse. 28% of traumatic brain injuries are caused by vehicle accidents and 50% of brain injuries are so severe that they require hospitalization. Sport and physical activity injuries represent another 20% of injuries and another 10% of brain trauma is caused from assaults and violence. The other 45% of brain injury can be caused from a wide variety of other unfortunate accidents.


  • As a rough estimate, 2 million head injuries occur every year. However, 1.5 million of those injuries are not fatal and do not require any hospitalization.
  • Each year over 55, 000 victims die from a traumatic brain injury.
  • Males are twice as likely to suffer a traumatic brain injury and are more likely to die from the injuries rather than women.
  • The highest statistical risk of brain injury involves people ages from 15 to 24.


Bullying And The Effects It Has On The Brain

In more recent years, bullying has been on the mind of us all especially with self starter blogs. I have read multiple articles on the emotional developmental impacts of bullying on young people and I have always wondered what happens to ones brain when they are bullied?

The section in the brain that helps with two important bully-related affairs is the Anterior Cingulate Gyrus because it moderates our fear responses. Take for example, when a small child is threatened or pushed during recess hours, this certain part of the brain goes into hyper drive which either calms them down or signals their fight or flight adrenaline responders. Also with this part of the brain, it plays a role in an individual’s capacity for empathy. In bullying situations it is crucial to try to understand where the bully is coming from or to learn certain social boundaries and guidelines.

Also the Amygdala responds to environmental emotional stimuli and helps individual’s deal with stress.

The Effects Bullying Has On The Brain:

When certain areas of the brain are over-active due to continuous bullying or fear of being threatened in social situations, the brain does not develop or function properly. Teens can become more impulsive, aggressive and permanently anxious when there is an overactive stress response system in their Amygdala due to continuous bullying.

Studies have proven that when children have suffered from psychological abuse they have 40% smaller Corpus Callosums which leads to deranged shifts in moods, trouble with social intelligence and also makes it more difficult for teens to process what is going on around them and allow them to respond correctly.

Studies have also shown that there is a decrease in blood flow to the Cerebellar Vermin in the brain stem which can cause certain impairments. When you have less blood flow in this area it means depression, irritability and impaired attention spans.

Permanent stress is also what many victims describe when they have been bullied during school hours and it also causes increased release of Norepinephrine. When an individual is under stress, this can lead them to permanent anxiety or the inability to think clearly on a daily basis.

So, what do these effects of bullying to the brain have on us? Well, first it of course, I hope gives us more motivation to implement and build anti-bullying strategies within schools. It also allows us to know that there is a reason why bullying can alter a child’s moods or emotional states after an incident happens. We as adults need to work together to prevent bullying, but also give the time and space to teens to let their emotions, self-esteem and brain to properly recover from bullying situations.

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